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For HIV to be prevented, both risks and vulnerabilities must be addressed.

Primary prevention mechanisms of consistent condom use, prompt STI treatment, regular testing and positive prevention are proven to work in addressing risk for some. What goes significantly deeper and has wider impact, is addressing the vulnerabilities to HIV.

Women in sex work, gay men and transgender communities are marginalized with severe set of issues, which constrain their free will. Often, they are unable to realize their rights or make choices. This increases their vulnerability to HIV and makes access to HIV services limited and primary prevention significantly difficult. In fact, poorer and more marginalized the person, higher the vulnerabilities - social and financial, affecting their risk behaviour.

The priority of the programme is:

  • Reduce vulnerabilities to HIV at individual level
  • Strengthening Community Organisations to make them robust and sustainable

The Community Organisations through a series of strategies significantly increases access to social protection, financial security, crisis prevention and redressal; thereby enabling community members to make better and healthier life choices.

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